// Endemic species //
ENDEMIC SPECIES, PROTECTED AND ENDANGERED ORGANISMS
Endemic species are organisms that live in a certain geographical area and nowhere else in the world. There is a wide range of land and sea endemic species in the Nature Park Telašćica. There are 4 endemic plants in the park such as: Aurinia sinuata (Pebbles), Centaurea Ragusina ssp. lungensis (dusty-miller), Corydalis acaulis (Littoral Corydalis) and Tanacetum cinerariifolium (Dalmatian pellitory). These plants are also strictly protected. There are 59 species of plants in the park, which are legally protected.
Maybe the most special plant in this area is the endemic species Centaurea Ragusina ssp. lungensis (dusty-miller) which you can only see on the cliff of Dugi otok where it is together with a subgroup of Centaurea Ragusina ssp. Ragusina.
Two types of endemic land snails of the family of shell snails can be found on the cliffs which are: Delima edmibrani and Agathylla lamellosa. Delima edmibrani can be found only within the limits of the park so it can be considered as a stenoendemic species of the Nature Park.
Two endemic species of the family of ground beetles (Carabidae) have been recorded: the species Molops dalmatinus, which until now has been recorded only on a few localities in Croatia and the species Laemostenos dalmatinus.
A multitude of Mediterranean endemic species such as the sea-flowering plant Posidonia oceanica, the pen shell Pinna nobilis, the scleractinian cooral Cladocora caespitosa, soft coral - gorgonian Paramuricea clavata and many other types can be found in the sea.
There are legal regulations in Croatia by which certain types of organisms protected (Regulation on the promulgation of wild species of protected and strictly protected (NN 7 / 06)). Of all the organisms living in the park 63 plant species and 135 animal species are protected.
Only some of the protected species living in the area of the Nature Park Telašćica have been listed here and the whole list can be seen here.
PROTECTED LAND ANIMALS
The number of endangered species is growing day by day. Ecosystems lose stability due to climate change, pollution, invasive species and human activity. In order to determine the degree of endangerment of an organism and to categorize types depending on their threat, a list the so-called red list is being elaborated. This list indicates which species or subspecies of organisms are in danger of extinction and to what extent and how quickly they are facing this threat.
Categories of threat made according to criteria of the World Association for Protection of Nature (IUCN) are:
- Extinct, (EX)
- Regionally Extinct (RE)
- Critically Endangered (CR) (extremly high risk of extintion)
- Endangered (EN) (very high risk of extinction)
- Vulnerable (VU) (high risk of extinction)
- Near Threatened (NT) (no risk of extinction but could soon be)
- not enough data about the species (Data deficient, DD) (not enough information to make an efficient estimate of the threat of extinction)
The basic scheme provides that all species in the process of threat assessment are placed in the appropriate category of threat. Positioning a species in a higher category implies an increased risk of extinction. Here you can find a list of several different groups of plant and animal organisms which are located on the red list of Croatia, and the types of organisms that are protected by law in Croatia.